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M Oldiges, M Kunze, Daniela Degenring, GA Sprenger, and R Takors (2004)

Stimulation, monitoring, and analysis of pathway dynamics by metabolic profiling in the aromatic amino acid pathway

Biotechnology Progress, 20(6):1623-1633.

Using a concerted approach of biochemical standard preparation, analytical access via LC-MS/MS, glucose pulse, metabolic profiling, and statistical data analysis, the metabolism dynamics in the aromatic amino acid pathway has been stimulated, monitored, and analyzed in different tyrosine-auxotrophic L-phenylalanine-producing Escherichia coli strains. During the observation window from -4 s (before) up to 27 s after the glucose pulse, the dynamics of the first five enzymatic reactions in the aromatic amino acid pathway was observed by measuring intracellular concentrations of 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate DAH(P), 3-dehydroquinate (3-DHQ), 3-dehydroshikimate (3-DHS), shikimate 3-phosphate (S3P), and shikimate (SHI), together with the pathway precursors phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and P5P, the lumped pentose phosphate pool as an alternative to the nondetectable erythrose 4-phosphate (E4P). Provided that a sufficient fortification of the carbon flux into the pathway of interest is ensured, respective metabolism dynamics can be observed. On the basis of the intracellular pool measurements, the standardized pool velocities were calculated, and a simple, data-driven criterion–called "pool efflux capacity" (PEC)–is derived. Despite its simplifying system description, the criterion managed to identify the well-known AroB limitation in the E. coli strain A (genotype delta(pheA tyrA aroF)/pJF119EH aroF(fbr) pheA(fbr) amp) and it also succeeded to identify AroL and AroA (in strain B, genotype delta(pheA tyrA aroF)/pJF119EH aroF(fbr) pheA(fbr) aroB amp) as promising metabolic engineering targets to alleviate respective flux control in subsequent L-Phe producing strains. Furthermore, using of a simple correlation analysis, the reconstruction of the metabolite sequence of the observed pathway was enabled. The results underline the necessity to extend the focus of glucose pulse experiments by studying not only the central metabolism but also anabolic pathways.

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